Artemis – Greek moon goddess, virgin of the hunt, protectus of maidens; daughter of Zeus; wild goat was sacred to her
Augusta Caesar – had coins stamped with the image of the mountain goat as Capricorn was the sign of his birth
Agni – Vedic fire god; a goat pulled his chariot; Agni was also depicted riding a he-goat
Baphomet – medieval idol or symbol of the mystic rites of the Knights of Templar; sometimes portrayed as a goat
Dionysos – Greek deity; the goat was an attribute or form of Dionysos; sometimes depicted wearing a goat skin
Ea-Oannes – Assyrian fish deity; Lord of the Watery Deep; associated with the goat or goat-fish
Faunus – Roman son of Picus; ancestor of the fauns; god of shepherds; goats for sacrifice to him; identified with the Greek Pan
Marduk © Juulijs/Fotolia
Marduk – Sumero-Semitic; originally a god of the spring sun who became a supreme god of the Assyrian and Babylonia pantheons; son of Ea (sea god); Marduk created heaven and earth and placed the 12 mansions of the zodiac in heaven; also known as Bel; one of his attributes was the goat.
Ningirsu – Sumerian agricultural deity; son-husband of Bau; depicted as a goat; analogue of Marduk
satyrs – one of the race of woodland spirits; half goats with goat horns and tail; originally represented the wisdom of fertility; later symbolized abandon and folly; also represented unbridled lust
witches – in late Middle Ages, were "portrayed as being transported through the air on goats. In these representations the devil appears usually as a male goat whose rump the witches kiss” (Biedermann, pg 153).
for references see Bibliograpy